Less Than 1,000 Days Until the Next Total Solar Eclipse in the United States

On Monday, August 21, 2017, a total solar eclipse will be visible in some areas of the United States. This is now less than 1,000 days away. The event has been a long time coming. While the last total solar eclipse to be seen in the United States occurred in 1991, that event was limited to Hawaii. Before that, the last solar eclipse visible from the continental United States was on February 26, 1979.

While the 1979 event tracked across Oregon, Washington and Montana, people in 12 states will see the 2017 event. Both eclipses started in Oregon. The earlier one then tracked up into Canada. The 2017 eclipse starts in Oregon, travels across the central United States before finishing far out to sea beyond South Carolina.

A total solar eclipse is a rather rare occurrence. Estimates place the likelihood of any point on Earth experiencing one only every 400 years. This is not absolute, however. Several Oregon locations saw the 1979 eclipse and they will see the 2017 event as well. For them, experiencing two solar eclipses in a little more than 35 years is quite unusual. Closer yet are the cities of Carbondale, Illinois, and Cape Girardeau, Missouri. Residents there will see the 2017 eclipse as well as another in April, 2024. This separation of less than seven years for these two eclipses is very unusual. Of course, it may be hundreds of years before these cities see another.

To be a total eclipse, the moon must completely obscure the sun, for an observer standing on Earth. This can occur monthly, at New Moon. Ordinarily, however, the moon passes either above, or below, the sun’s position, as viewed from Earth. As a result, the moon’s shadow normally sweeps across open space. On rare occasions, as the moon passes directly in front of the sun, a shadow is cast upon the surface of the Earth. If the sun is partially obscured, a partial eclipse results. If the sun is completely obscured, a total solar eclipse occurs. The moon is much smaller than the sun, of course. In fact, the moon is some 400 times smaller. In an astronomical twist, the moon is also 400 times closer to the Earth. This makes the apparent size of the moon very close to the apparent size of the sun. When the moon passes directly in front of the sun, it is able to completely eclipse the sun, for some viewers on Earth.

The shadow cast by the moon, however, is very small. Depending on the distance between the Earth and the moon, which varies somewhat, the moon’s shadow will darken a strip of Earth about 70 miles wide. This strip is called the Zone of Totality. Those people located within this zone will experience a total solar eclipse. Those near, but outside, will see a partial solar eclipse.

On August 21, 2017, the sun is eclipsed for as much as 2 minutes and 40 seconds at the maximum point. Hopkinsville, Kentucky happens to be located at this point. People not located there may see a shorter eclipse duration. Those located outside the zone of totality will only see a partial eclipse. Some cities that will experience totality include Nashville, Tennessee, Kansas City and St. Louis, Missouri. The 2017 eclipse will potentially be seen by millions of people located across the United States.

Each total solar eclipse is unique, but there are similarities. The Earth will darken over time as the moon obscures more and more of the sun. This is the partial eclipse phase. As totality approaches, the amount of sunlight striking the Earth will be greatly diminished. The sky will become similar to twilight. Colors normally seen at sunset will be visible during the day. Birds, animals and insects will be fooled into believing that night is falling. Some will return to their nests or roosts. Nocturnal creatures will begin to emerge. These effects often happen even if a total solar eclipse occurs early in the morning. After totality ends, another partial eclipse phase occurs until the moon passes beyond the sun’s location.

The biggest factor that cannot be predicted with certainty is the weather on August 21, 2017. Cloudy weather could obscure the eclipse for interested observers. As a result, many people examine historical weather patterns in order to determine prime eclipse viewing locations. Since the 2017 event occurs in August, there are some rather promising weather possibilities. In Oregon, the August weather tends to be sunny and dry, perfect eclipse conditions. Morning fog, storms, or clouds, could thwart eclipse viewers, however.

Idaho and Wyoming residents will also experience the 2017 eclipse. The weather in these states could allow a very good eclipse viewing experience. The eclipse occurs fairly early in the day, lessening the possibility of localized thunderstorms.

As the total solar eclipse tracks across more states, from Nebraska to South Carolina, the possibility of inclement weather increases. These locations will experience the eclipse later in the day. Afternoon storms, or hazy weather, could be encountered. Such weather could limit the eclipse experience.

Many US cities have already begun planning for the August 21, 2017 total solar eclipse. The event represents an opportunity to entertain tens of thousands of visitors to cities located within the zone of totality. With proper attention to details, cities can provide a favorable eclipse experience that also highlights the attractions of the local area. Weather permitting, of course.

Bonus Facts:

– the distance from the Earth to the moon increases each year. In less than 1.5 billion years, the moon will not be close enough to produce total solar eclipses. After that, only partial or annular eclipses will occur.

– when the moon eclipses the sun, the sky darkens enough to allow planets and bright stars to be seen in the daytime. On August 21, 2017, the bright star Rigel should be visible low in the south. – Albert Einstein predicted that a total solar eclipse could provide direct proof of the General Theory of Relativity. He postulated that the eclipsed sun would cause light to be bent, for an observer on Earth. This would be proved as stars located behind the sun would appear to be shifted in location. This visual evidence was demonstrated during an eclipse in 1919.

– as the moon passes in front of the sun, it blocks enough sunlight that the solar corona, the super heated atmosphere, becomes visible to people on Earth. The shape of the corona is different during each eclipse as it is influenced by the level of magnetic solar storms, which constantly changes.

– ancient civilizations did not understand the science responsible for total solar eclipses. Eclipses were attributed to supernatural causes and thought to be bad omens.

– the theoretical maximum duration of a total solar eclipse is about 7 minutes. The 2017 eclipse is less than half this duration, at 2 minutes, 40 seconds for those located in Hopkinsville, Kentucky.

– the sun is not safe to view during any portion of the partial eclipse phase. Even if only 1% of the sun is visible, observers risk damage to their eyes through direct observation. At this eclipse stage, the sun appears to be dim enough to view. Unfortunately, the lit portion still transmits full force sunlight to the optic nerve. Because the level of light is so much lower than normal, the observer feels no urge to avert their gaze. Moreover, the optic nerve does not contain pain receptors so victims are unaware that their eyesight is being damaged. Proper eye protection is vital for all observers of the partial solar eclipse phase.

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Top 5 Features Added in Revit

A building information modeling (BIM) software, Autodesk Revit, has been useful for architects, structural engineers, MEP engineers, designers and contractors, enabling them to design structures and buildings in 2D and 3D, as well as being 4D BIM capable. It’s first version was released more than a decade back and since then it has seen many updates and new version releases, some have been just incremental updates serving for bug corrections and some have been significant technological updates.

Compared to the 2017 update, the previous 2 editions did not provide any significant upgrade until their ‘release 2’ (R2) editions were released. The 2017 update brings about 50 new, refreshing features which will prove to be immensely useful in creating BIM models. All the new features within the update are equally important and will be useful during the life cycle of a project, but out of those let us discuss the 5 most important features from Revit 2017. 1. Text Editing:

The most awaited feature in Revit since the time it was introduced, text editor has been included in the latest edition of Autodesk Revit. This provides a completely redesigned text engine which is compatible with imported files such as AutoCAD DWG files. The text editor in Revit 2017 also brings corrections to the flaws of text editor from earlier editions and lets users seamlessly switch between text editing mode and viewing mode without causing any unexpected disruptions in text.

2. Global Parameters:

Global parameters feature which was introduced in Revit 2016 R2 version, has received a much needed update in the 2017 edition. The latest update brings in the power of parametric families into the project environment. Applying global parameters to multi-segments is possible in this version, also grouping the parameters becomes easier, as does filtering and reordering. Even though the upgrades do seem to bring a lot of additional features, they do come with their limitations, such as the parameters can only be assigned to certain system family categories and only to user defined instance properties.

3. View Template:

View template is a very simple yet powerful feature added in Revit 2017 which enables the user to share data and reuse schedules. This feature automatically updates all the schedule changes whenever they are affected within their respective templates.

4. Calculated Values in Annotations:

An essential and a long overdue feature introduced in Revit 2017 is Calculated Values in Annotations. It is a useful feature that allows the user to document projects with annotations that allow calculated values and which obey pin restrictions maintaining consistency and accuracy of the project. A tag created with calculations in it can be used with any tag type and pinned to an element allowing the user to reposition that element without actually moving the pin position.

5. Railing Host:

Railing Host or Hosted Railings, is another valuable feature introduced in Revit 2017 (SHOULD THIS SAY 2017?) along with Calculated Value in Annotations feature. With this feature it is now possible to host the railings on Walls, Roofs or Slab Edges and the railings will adjust with variations in slopes and surfaces.

There are a host of other additions and updates in Revit 2017 apart from the ones listed above. It remains to be seen what if any flaws exist during real time use or if they truly result in the enhancements promised. Although, considering the supposed flaws that may exist, Revit 2017 is a huge step forward.

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How to Get What You Want in 2017

It is almost 2017 and time to start thinking about those New Year’s resolutions but the problem with New Year’s resolutions is that so few people actually achieve them. Why is this and what can you do to make sure you actually get what you want in 2017?

1. Write Down Your New Year’s Resolutions and Set SMART goals

The first step towards achieving what you want is to actually write it down and turn resolutions into goals. An unwritten resolution is quickly forgotten and unless you have some written, specific goals chances are you are just going to be wandering. SMART goals are specific, measurable, attainable, realistic and time-bound. In other words, say exactly what you want to achieve, by when and have ways of measuring how you are getting along. 2. Develop Habits and Consistency

Another problem that often occurs with New Year’s resolutions is that people do not form habits and develop consistency in those actions that are going to get them there. For instance, if you want to lose weight, it needs to become a habit to exercise and eat healthy foods. They say it takes 21 days to develop a habit but it is actually better to consistently stick to it for 63 days to ensure that the habit is well entrenched into your lifestyle before taking any breaks. Not all habits need to be done every day but you do need to be consistent in doing those things that will get you towards your goal.

3. Track and Measure

Set smaller goals and ways of measuring how you are making progress towards your major goal and then track these. Start by tracking those habits that it will take to get you there – how many times have you exercised this week for example. As you are tracking you will see how even the small steps count and will be more motivated to keep moving towards your major goal.

4. Stay Positive

Your mindset has a huge role to play in whether you are going to achieve your goals or not. Always try to remain positive and think positively. Focus on what it is you want but don’t beat yourself up over setbacks or slip ups, you will get times where things don’t go perfectly or you may have a setback but just keep going and you will get there.

Instead of just setting some New Year’s Resolutions for this next year why not turn them into actionable goals, develop habits that will help you achieve them and track these consistently. Keep positive and all the best for achieving whatever it is you want to achieve in 2017.

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Mercedes Benz GLS : Premier Luxury SUV

American buyers can book their Mercedes-Benz GLS 2017 in December as deliveries initiate from March 2016. As of yet, no information is released regarding Australian and UK markets. Furthermore, fuel efficiency, pricing and performance are still undetermined.

Mercedes-Benz GLS 2017 is in essence a revamped GL-Class model. As per the GL strategy, all Mercedes’s vehicles including crossovers and SUVs initiate with GL-, followed by a letter, denoting the vehicle’s size. S-class includes the largest vehicles in category.

Apart from that, little is revised in GLS model, with trimmed down headlights and bumpers resembling its smaller models and LED lights are normative in Mercedes vehicles. Owners of Mercedes GLS-550 can opt for sports version for an aggressive edge.

Fast Facts

· Price: $64, 500

· Horsepower: 240-550

· Engine: 3.0 V6

Horsepower categorization Mercedes-Benz is all geared up with their engines slated to be incorporated into Mercedes-Benz GLS.

· GLS-350 BlueTEC is powered by V-6 diesel engine with turbo-boost, capable of producing 455 lbs-ft of torque and 240 horsepower.

· GLS-450 is equipped with V-6 turbo-engine, capable of producing 369 lb-ft of torque and 360 horsepower.

· GLS-550 is equipped with V-6 turbo engine, capable of producing 516 lb-ft of torque and 429 horsepower.

· The GLS-63 consists of factory-fitted V-8 turbo engine, producing 560 lb-ft of torque and 550 horsepower.

Engine categorization

The GLS model consists of the following categories:

· The GLS-350d is equipped with a 3-liter 6-cylinder engine.

· The GLS-450 is powered a by gasoline 3-litre 6-cylinder engine

· GLS-550 is equipped with 4.7 liter turbocharged 8-cylinder engine.

Miscellaneous options consist of adaptive damping options along with selectable modes, air suspension and driving modes for personal preferences.

Mercedes-Benz GLS 2017 can be facilitated with Distronic Plus, Mercedes’s own semi-autonomous cruise control system. It will operate at a predetermined speed before the driver takes control of the vehicle.

Interior

Mercedes-Benz has included subtle changes in its GL-class, updating various features from the 2013 version. The SUV class is now termed as GLS, depending upon the model of Mercedes in question. Mercedes-Benz GLS has an updated infotainment system, using trim materials and redesigned dashboard.

Mercedes GL class has been revamped for 21st century stylistic aesthetics. The infotainment screen has been redesigned into a floating tablet appearance, redefining Mercedes-Benz interiors. Furthermore, center console, instrumental panel and 3-spoke steering wheel have been redesigned. GLS models are normative with 3-rows of seats. In tech section, GLS model is remodeled with ample options. Normative tech utilities include myriad of safety systems, such as collision warning, automatic braking system and attention assistance for preventing drowsiness during driving. In case of an emergency braking, the vehicle will apply extra pressure.

Added tech galore

At an extended price, the GLS model can be bumped with impressive tech options. For an extra price, blind spot monitoring, cross-traffic detection and active lane-keep assist can be incorporated. With Active Curve System, the body rolling during taking sharp corners is reduced. Magic Vision Control facilitates spray free cleaning of windshield.

Pros

· Optimum for long-drive

· Attention-grabbing interior

· Comfortable seating

Cons

· Large size is a hindrance in driving

· Added tech can be expensive

· Driving cost is high

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Dissociative Identity Disorder Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Methods

As we all know that people are suffering from distinct diseases, day by day. Some people are suffering from Diabetes while a few are suffering from High Blood Pressure. In fact, there are so many diseases which are infecting most of the people, including, Diabetes, Asthma, Allergies, Lung cancer, Breast cancer, Colon cancer, Depression, Heart disease, Heart attack, Chronic pain syndromes, Fibromyalgia, Appendicitis, HIV/AIDS, Pancreatitis, Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Hepatitis, Heart failure, Anemia, Melanoma, Metabolic syndrome, Obstructive sleep apnea, Parkinson’s disease, Migraine, Osteoporosis, Chlamydia, Hypoglycemia, Reactive hypoglycemia, Chronic bronchitis, Toxoplasmosis, Peripheral Neuropathy, Menopause, Andropause, Rectal cancer, Acromegaly, Cushing’s syndrome, Addison’s disease, Hyperparathyroidism, Hypoparathyroidism, Diabetic diarrhea, Infectious diarrhea, Brain tumor, Stroke, and more.

Frankly, the main aim behind writing this article is to make you aware of Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) because this disease is infecting most of the people and it is so important to know about the symptoms, causes and treatment of this disease.

Let’s have some knowledge of Dissociative Identity Disorder!

Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID):

Dissociative Identity Disorder was previously called as Multiple Personality Disorder. The person with DID possesses two or more distinct personalities and work according to any personality alternatively without knowing. Sometimes, a person also experienced memory loss or forgetfulness.

DID is nothing, but one of a group of conditions called Dissociative Disorders. Dissociative Disorders are a kind of mental illnesses which cause memory disruption or breakdown.

Symptoms of DID:

A person with DID has two or more distinct personalities, including, the person’s usual personality and alternate personalities. A person may experience amnesia when alternate personality takes control over the person’s behavior. An individual with DID may not or may be aware of the other personality states. Each alternate personality has distinct individual traits, personal history, way of thinking, etc. In fact, alternate personality may be of different gender, have a different name, or a distinct set of manners & preferences.

DID Shares the Following Psychological Symptoms:

1. Amnesia (memory loss or feeling a time distortion)

2. Anxiety

3. Changing the quality of functioning, from highly effective to disappointing

4. Depersonalization (feeling disconnected from one’s own thoughts, feelings, and body)

5. Depression

6. Derealization (feeling that the surrounding environment is foreign, odd, or unreal)

7. Disturbances in eating and sleeping

8. Hallucinations (false perceptions or sensory experiences, such as hearing voices)

9. Problems with functioning sexuality

10. Self-injurious behaviors such as “cutting”

11. Serious headache or pain in other parts of the body

12. Substance abuse

13. Suicide risk – 70% of people with DID have attempted suicide

Causes of DID:

The previous incidents are the key features of Dissociative Identity Disorder. In fact, 90% of the cases of DID involve some history of abuse. The trauma also involves severe emotional, physical and sexual abuse. It might also be linked to accidents, natural disasters and war.

The episodes of DID can be triggered by myriad real and symbolic traumas, including, minor traffic accident, adult illness and stress.

There are Following Causes of Dissociative Identity Disorder:

1. An innate ability to dissociate easily

2. Repeated episodes of severe physical or sexual abuse in childhood

3. Lack of a supportive or comforting person to counteract abusive relative(s)

4. Influence of other relatives with dissociative symptoms or disorders

Treatment of DID:

The main objective of DID treatment is to relieve symptoms, ensure the safety of the individual and changing multiple personalities into one integrated and well-functioning identity.

The treatment also aims to help the person safety express and process painful memories, develop new coping skills and life skills, restore optimal functioning and improve relationships. In fact, the best treatment approach depends on the individual, the nature of any identifiable triggers, and severity of the symptoms.

Most Likely Treatment Includes the Following Methods:

1. Psychotherapy: It is also known as “talk therapy”, is the main treatment for dissociative disorders. It is a broad term that includes several forms of therapy.

2. Cognitive-behavioral therapy: This is one of the forms of psychotherapy, which focuses on changing dysfunctional thinking patterns, behaviors and feelings.

3. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR): This treatment technique was created to treat people with persistent nightmares, flashbacks and other signs of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

4. Dialectic-behavior therapy (DBT): A form of psychotherapy for people with severe personality disturbances, which can involve dissociative signs that often occur after an experience of abuse or trauma.

5. Family therapy: This helps a little in order to teach the family members about the disorder as well as the family members recognize signs of a recurrence.
6. Creative therapies: These therapies include art therapy and music therapy, which allow patients to explore as well as express their feelings, thoughts and experiences in a safe and creative environment.

7. Meditation and relaxation techniques: These help people to better tolerate their dissociative signs and become more aware of their internal states.

8. Clinical hypnosis: This is also one of the treatment methods, which uses intense concentration, focused attention and relaxation to achieve an altered state of consciousness. This allows people to explore thoughts, feeling and memories which may be hidden from their conscious minds.

9. Medication: Medication is necessary in order to provide proper treatment to the patient. In fact, an individual with DID must be treated with anti-anxiety or antidepressant medication.

Top Medical University – An Initial and Important Step to Get Rid of Various Diseases:

A medical school is an initial and important step to get rid of myriad dangerous diseases like DID. These medical colleges provide not only theoretical, but practical knowledge regarding different kinds of dangerous diseases to the medical students so that they can participate in the current researches for the well-being of the patients who are suffering from various dangerous diseases, like Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID).

An individual can find unlimited Best Medical Universities across the world, where they can begin their professional career and give life to their dream of making a healthy and happy world forever. In fact, these universities provide direct MBBS admission without entrance test and donation at nominal fees.

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